Fuente: World Oil.
Mexico moved to bolster investor confidence in its embattled state oil company, announcing an unprecedented $8 billion syndicated loan along with new tax breaks for the energy producer.
Petroleos Mexicanos officials signed the financing agreement with JPMorgan Chase & Co., HSBC Holdings Plc and Mizuho Financial Group Inc. alongside President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador at a morning news conference. The company will use $2.5 billion of the funds to refinance existing debt, while the remaining $5.5 billion will replace some credit lines.
Pemex bonds rallied in early trading Monday, defying a broad slump in emerging-market debt amid growing concerns about the outlook for global trade. The company has seen more than a decade of production declines as it struggled under $106.5 billion of debt, generating concern that it was due for a ratings downgrade that would take it into junk territory. Analysts have also cited the lack of a convincing turnaround plan from the Lopez Obrador administration since he took office late last year.
“This definitely helps to improve the credit profile for Pemex, but it’s not enough,” said Luis Gonzali, a Mexico City-based portfolio manager at Franklin Templeton. “The probability of a credit downgrade has diminished, but it’s still a key risk. Nevertheless, we look favorably on the efforts the government is taking to keep making Pemex healthier.”
The measures come three months after the government announced $5.6 billion (107 billion pesos) in federal aid. That included $780 million (15 billion pesos) in additional tax breaks for Pemex for each of the next six years, a $1.3 billion (25 billion peso) capitalization, $1.67 billion (32 billion pesos) in savings from combating fuel theft and $1.83 billion (35 billion pesos) from the payout of pension liability promissory notes. Pemex is also expected to receive several billion dollars from the Oil Revenue Stabilization Fund, and the government has said that Pemex won’t issue new debt this year.
Lopez Obrador’s announcement Monday didn’t give any details about the extra tax breaks, though he said they’d be signed into law this week. But even without the specifics, investors were encouraged by the government’s efforts to provide reassurance, showing that officials are taking the problems seriously and trying to come up with a plan to fix the company.
Lopez Obrador said that the rescue plan would guarantee liquidity for Pemex and improve lending terms without adding to the debt load. The new loan will carry an interest rate of Libor plus 235 basis points, more favorable terms than the loans it’s replacing. The agreement represents the largest ever banking operation for a Latin American energy company, Pemex said in a press statement.
“This demonstrates the confidence that there is in Mexico and the government,” Lopez Obrador said. “The banks are showing confidence, and we thank them.”
The company’s $5.4 billion of bonds due in 2027 climbed $0.68 to $0.99 on the dollar, pushing the yield down 11 basis points to 6.52%.
The president was widely criticized by investors last week for a plan to build a new $8 billion refinery in Lopez Obrador’s home state of Tabasco, which some analysts called a costly boondoggle that made little sense for the company to undertake.
Finance Minister Carlos Urzua said at the press conference that Pemex’s ability to operate was restricted by a high tax burden, and that further breaks would brighten the outlook.
“For a long time we’ve been milking the little cow,” Urzua said. “Little by little the government will reduce the tax load to Pemex.”